The CAPD/ACDP recognizes that the future national voice of pediatric dentistry in Canada lies within its graduate student population. Whether students are participating in a program within Canada or in the United States, there is one common thread amongst them all - they are linked together and with their active CAPD/ACDP member colleagues through the CAPD/ACDP website.
Students are welcome to submit announcements and/or news that they wish to share on the website about their activities relating to student affairs, meetings or scientific research by contacting the site administrator.
CAPD/ACPD also recognizes the importance of our undergraduate students in Dentistry who have taken an active interest in Paediatric Dentistry. CAPD/ACPD, through the establishment of the Norm Levine Undergraduate Student scholarship, continues to encourage and support the development of these young learners.
There are set guidelines that graduate students need to follow in order to attend and/or submit abstracts for the 3M ESPE Graduate Student Research presentations. The following PDF file contains the information necessary for students' participation:
2018 Instructions for Submission of Scientific Abstracts
Please note that the 2018 deadline for submission of Abstracts is May 14, 2018
The annual 3M Oral Care Graduate Student Research Presentations and Awards are a result of the partnership formed between 3M Oral Care and CAPD/ACDP. The money 3M Oral Care generously donates goes to Canadian graduate students in pediatric dentistry who present their research topics at the CAPD/ACDP Annual General Meeting.
Each year, 5 Graduate students will be invited to the Annual meeting to present their research. Invited students are eligible for the 3M Oral Care CAPD/ACDP Graduate Student Award of $1000 which is awarded to the best presenter as determined by a panel of judges. 3M ESPE also awards a sample of their product line to all graduate student presenters.
In addition to qualifying for the 3M Oral Care Award, CAPD/ACDP will provide each presenter with
Dr. Anne-Marie Moreau, University of Montreal, is presented with a cheque for $1000.00 by Gigie McGlynn (L), Marketing Communications Manager, and Tricia Rempel (R), Dental Field Sales Specialist, 3m Oral Care. The event took place at the President's Gala at the 2017 Annual Conference in Winnipeg.
The Dr. Keith Titley Pediatric Dentistry Graduate Training Scholarship
Dr. Keith Titley was a full Professor in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto from 1970 to 2008. Keith worked tirelessly as an educator in both undergraduate and graduate training in Pediatric Dentistry.
He was a mentor and a friend to many graduate trainees in Pediatric Dentistry and the products of his work are spread across Canada providing advanced oral health care to children, and education and research in Pediatric Dentistry. He was the supervisor for countless diploma theses in Pediatric Dentistry and the supervisor for as many M.Sc in Pediatric Dentistry theses.
Keith also worked tirelessly first as Chief Examiner and then as the Registrar for the Royal College of Dentists of Canada. In doing so he insured the importance of advanced training in the recognized specialty programs of Canada and as such insured an examination process that was fair and equitable for all dental specialties.
Keith has also been a strong supporter and member of the Canadian Academy of Pediatric Dentistry/Academie Canadienne de Dentisterie Pediatrique.
In recognition of Dr. Titley’s quiet, yet tireless work in the area of Pediatric Dentistry this scholarship of the Canadian Academy of Pediatric Dentistry/Academie Canadienne de Dentisterie Pediatrique has been named in his honour.
Read the full Terms of Reference and Instructions for Application for this scholarship.
Download the Dr. Keith Titley Pediatric Dentistry Graduate Training Scholarship Application Form
(After filling in the form in Microsoft Word, follow the instructions in the Terms of Reference document above.)
Download the Dr. Keith Titley Pediatric Dentistry Graduate Training Scholarship Advisor Statement.(After your advisor fills in the form in Microsoft Word, follow the instructions in the Terms of Reference document above.)
NICOLAS PILOTE OF LAVAL UNIVERSITY, ABBY BARTON OF DALHOUSIE UNIVERSITY AND RITA CHAMI OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MONTREAL
Dr. Julia Rukavina presents Yichen (Bridget) Wu with the Dr. Norman Levine Award.
They are standing in front of Dr. Levine’s portrait.
Dr. Rukavina noted that the portraits in the Children’s Clinic at U of T.
They were done by Ms. Amanda Arlotta (a student at OCADU), the daughter of our secretary in the Paedo. Dept.
Nicolas Pilote, is the winner of the Dr. Norman Levine Award
Dre Cathia Bergeron, Dean/doyenne, Nicolas Pilote,winner/ lauréat et Dre Suzanne Hébert, Professor / professeure en dentisterie pédiatrique
© Université Laval / Pascal Duchesne
|Dr. Jennifer MacLellan congratulates Abby Barton, the Dalhousie University recipient of the Dr. Norman Levine Award||Dr. Rita Marie Chami is the recipient of the Dr. Norman Levine Undergraduate Dental Student Award from the University of Montreal|
Undergraduate students actively enrolled in an educational program in dentistry accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of Canada or an accreditation body with which the Commission on Dental Accreditation of Canada has a reciprocal accreditation agreement, are eligible to apply for Undergraduate student membership.
All student members shall be exempt from membership dues, receive copies of all general membership communications and publications without charge.
Also…Undergraduate student members may attend meetings of the Academy after registering and paying all associated fees. For complete details see Section 4.2.5 of the Constitution and By-Laws.
Dr. Norm Levine was the first graduate trainee in pediatric dentistry from the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto program in 1960. Norm was Professor and Head of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto from 1976 to 1993. He was an internationally renowned and respected leader in dentistry for Persons with Disabilities.
Demonstrating a steadfast passion for pediatric dentistry, Norm raised its profile and reputation. The “Bear”, as he was known, was a caring and compassionate gentle giant He was awarded the Order of Canada for his commitment to pediatric dentistry and those with special oral health care needs. He instilled that passion in many undergraduate and graduate trainees in pediatric dentistry and many of them, from the very program that he became Professor and Chair of, have relocated across Canada and the world to private practices, hospital departments and academia promoting that same passion for excellence in pediatric dentistry.
It is with great honour and respect that the membership of the Canadian Academy of Pediatric Dentistry/ Academie Canadienne de Dentisterie Pediatrique has established The Canadian Academy of Pediatric Dentistry/Academie Canadienne de Dentisterie Pediatrique Dr. Norman Levine Undergraduate Dental Student Award.
There will be one award given annually to each accredited Canadian Faculty of Dentistry for a third or fourth year DDS/DMD student who demonstrates aptitude and passion for the field of pediatric dentistry and/or dentistry for persons with special needs.
The recipient should be nominated by the Undergraduate Pediatric Dentistry director in consultation with the respective faculties’ awards committee. The recipient of this award will receive $200.00.
Accredited Canadian Faculties of Dentistry may contact and invoice the Canadian Academy of Pediatric Dentistry/Academie Canadienne de Dentisterie Pediatrique with the nominees name at email@example.com once annually within their respective academic awards cycle.
Oral Health Status of Refugee Children in Canada
Oral-Health Status of Children and Adolescents with Adverse Childhood Experiences: A Pilot Study with the Elizabeth Fry Society of Greater Vancouver.
Objectives: Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) such as poverty, parental substance use and parental incarceration can have negative influences on the physical and mental growth and development of children. The Elizabeth Fry (EFry) Society of Greater Vancouver, which provides a variety of services to children impacted by ACE in British Columbia, expressed interest in knowing about the oral health status of the clients they serve, so that appropriate support and services could be developed as needed. The objectives of this study were to document oral-health-related behaviours of children and youth who receive services from EFry, asses and describe their current oral-health status and explore relationships between a variety of study variables including demographics (age, gender, ethnicity), social characteristics (parent in justice system), and health behaviours and oral health status.
Methods: Children and adolescents from a summer camp operated by EFry completed socio-demographic and oral- health -behaviour questionnaires. A clinical examination including an assessment of dental status (dmft/DMFT), oral hygiene status (DI-S) and gingival status (GI) was conducted on each participant. Analysis included descriptive statistics, as well as bivariate tests to determine relationships between dental health status and a variety of study variables.
Results: The 67 participants of this study, aged 6 to 16 years of age, had a mean dmft /DMFT of 3.64 with 78% having at least one decayed, missed or filled tooth. About one-fifth (19%) of children and one-third of adolescents (35%) had received fissure sealants. Of the participants, 21% and 75% had mild or moderate gingival inflammation respectively. The majority of children and adolescents (69%) had minimal tooth debris and 28% had moderate debris. No statistically significant relationship was found between dmft/DMFT and any of the study variables, including oral health behaviours.
Conclusion: For this limited small volunteer sample of EFry children and adolescents, no relationship was found between any participant characteristics and oral health status. The participants appear to be receiving needed definitive dental care however, preventive measures, specifically fissure sealants were lacking. A greater emphasis on preventive care for these children may help to ensure future oral health.
Dr. Eugénie Caron Paré, M.Sc. Candidate, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Montreal
Objectives: The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to describe the oral health status and to evaluate the occlusion of patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS), a rare entity with an important intra-oral feature, macroglossia.
Methods: All patients between 2 and 18 years followed for a diagnosis of BWS at the Montreal Children's Hospital or Sainte-Justine Hospital were contacted to participate in this study. Patients who agreed to participate had a complete dental examination. Data collected included: presence of dental anomalies, DMFS (decayed, missing or filled surfaces) score, gingival and periodontal health, salivary pH and dietary habits. An orthodontic evaluation was done when cooperation was acceptable. Molar occlusion classification (Angle classification), midline deviation, crossbite, open bite, overbite, overjet, symmetry, diastema and crowding were recorded on patients. The control group was composed of healthy children matched for age and sex.
Results: Fifteen children with BWS were included in the study, six males and nine females with a mean age of 7.07 years old. Three patients had been treated surgically by partial glossectomy. All patients had macroglossia except two. The median value of the DMFS was 0, the mean value of the plaque index was 0.81, while the mean value of the gingival index was 0.51. Seven patients showed dental ankylosis, shape or structural anomalies. Patients had a predominantly straight profile (9/15) and eight patients showed asymmetries. Six patients had ankyloglossia and all patients had a tongue-thrust swallowing habits except one. Most patients had a spaced dentition with anterior diastemas (12/15). Nine patients had an anterior openbite and six patients had unilateral posterior cross bite or were end to end on the molars. Data comparing to the control group is in process.
Conclusion: This study, which is the first to be interested in the oral manifestations of BWS, demonstrates that these patients had good hygiene, good gingival health and a low caries risk despite the macroglossia. However, they tend to have an anterior open bite and a trend towards a Class III malocclusion.
Dr. Cameron Grant, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba
Cameron Grant (1, 2), Carrie Daymont (1, 2), Celia Rodd (1, 2), Mike Moffatt (1, 2), Andrew Pierce (2), Betty-Anne Mittermuller (1, 2), Alexandra Letellier (1, 2), Monica Gusmini (1, 2) , Bob Schroth (1, 2, 3)
1) University of Manitoba
2) CHRIM (Children’s Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba)
3) WRHA (Winnipeg Regional Health Authority)
Objective: To determine the oral-health related quality of life (OHRQL) of preschool-aged children before dental rehabilitation surgery under general anesthesia (GA) to treat severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) in Manitoba, Canada. S-ECC can affect children’s health and well-being. Little Canadian data exist on its impact on OHRQL.
Method: Children participating in this study were recruited into a larger prospective investigation examining changes in nutritional status and well-being following dental surgery to treat S-ECC. All participating parents/caregivers provided written informed consent and completed a questionnaire via interview. The questionnaire included the validated Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS), a 13-item tool to measure the OHRQL of preschoolers and their families. The study was approved by the University of Manitoba’s Health Research Ethics Board. Data analysis included descriptive statistics (frequencies, means ± Standard Deviations (SD)) and bivariate analyses (Chi Square, t tests, correlation). A p value ≤ 0.05 was significant.
Results: 150 children and their parent/caregiver completed the baseline phase. The mean age was 47.8±14.1 months and 52% were female. Overall, 12.7% of the children often/very often experienced mouth pain while 10% often/very often reported having difficulty eating some foods. Overall, 11.3% often/very often showed signs of irritation/frustration because of dental problems, while 8.0% of parents/caregivers reported often/very often having feelings of guilt related to a child’s dental problem. The mean ECOHIS score was 6.8±5.41 (range 0-30). There was no apparent difference in scores by sex (female 6.24±4.8 vs male 7.3±6.0, p=0.24) and whether the family received government assistance (p=0.12), or dental insurance (p=0.41); but, lower household income was associated with higher ECOHIS scores (p=0.01).
Conclusion: Baseline data reveals that some children with S-ECC and their families express ongoing decreased OHRQL. ECOHIS could be used as an adjunctive tool along with clinical and radiographic exam to help determine urgency of dental treatment and placement of patients on dental GA wait-lists.
Acknowledgements: External funding was provided from Children’s Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba and the University of Manitoba College of Dentistry Research Fund and Endowment Fund.
Oral Health Status of Refugee Children in Canada
Dr. Anne-Marie Moreau, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec
A-M. Moreau, F. Hennous, B. Dabbagh & B. Ferraz dos Santos
Objectives: In Canada, immigrants represent up to 20% of the total population of which 10 % are
refugees. A few studies have shown that immigrants and refugee populations have poorer oral
health than their native counterparts. However, in Canada, there is sparse information on the oral
health status and needs of refugees, especially in the pediatric population. The aims of this study
were to assess the oral health status of refugee children in Montreal, Quebec, in comparison with
their Canadian-born counterparts; and to determine the association between demographic factors
and oral health status among refugee children.
Methods: This cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted at the Division of Dentistry of
the Montreal Children’s Hospital (MCH). Charts of children with a confirmed refugee status who
presented for a complete dental examination between January 2013 and June 2016 were included
in the study. Charts of Canadian-born children attending the dental clinic were randomly matched
for age and gender and composed the control group. Demographic data including age, gender,
country of origin and time since arrival to Canada was collected. Dental forms of all children
included in this study were reviewed to assess caries experience [decayed, missing and filled teeth
(dmft)], oral hygiene, gingival health status and presence of malocclusion.
Results: Fifty-eight percent of refugee children had never seen a dentist before their arrival to
Canada. Refugee children had significant higher decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) scores
(mean dmft/DMFT score 7.29 ± 5.1) than Canadian children (mean dmft/DMFT score 4.47 ± 5)
(p<0.001). Additionally, an increased incidence of malocclusion was found, with the most common
trait being anterior crossbite (p<0.001). Compared to Canadian-born children, refugees were 5
times more likely to have caries incidence [adjusted OR 5.08, 95% CI (2.31 – 11.1), p< 0.0001].
Conclusion: Refugee children have higher rates of dental caries and poorer oral health status. The
disparity in dental caries highlight the need for dental care in the pediatric refugee population.
Dental needs should be aimed at treating active decay before pain or infection sets in for this
Analysis of temporal trends and presenting characteristics of severe permanent tooth injuries at a pediatric hospital over a 5-year period: preliminary results.
Dr. Poonam Sekhon, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
Sekhon P, Barrett EJ and Casas, MJ
Objectives: To determine if the incidence of severe permanent tooth trauma presenting to an emergency department (ED) in a pediatric hospital has changed over a 5-year period in addition to investigating seasonal variations, etiology and location of injury.
Methods: This study includes a retrospective chart review of patients under 18 years of age that presented for permanent tooth trauma to SickKids ED after Department of Dentistry clinic hours, between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2015. Information regarding patient demographics, date of visit, registration time, injury time, location of injury, etiology, tooth number, diagnosis and treatment rendered were collected for patients with severe permanent tooth injury. Severe permanent tooth injury was defined based on diagnosis and treatment rendered and includes: complicated crown fractures requiring pulpal intervention, horizontal root fractures requiring a splint, lateral luxations and extrusions requiring a splint, intrusions (requiring extraction, surgical repositioning with a splint or orthodontic intervention) and avulsions (no treatment or replantation with splinting). Time series analysis will be conducted to look for trends and seasonal patterns in data.
Results: Statistical analysis is currently underway so results are preliminary. A total of 2080 patients presented to the ED for dental concerns over the 5-year period. 371 (18%) had permanent tooth trauma, and 199 (9.6%) severe trauma. Males were more commonly affected with a ratio of 2:1 and the patients average age was 11.6+/- 3.10 years. Maxillary central incisors were the most affected teeth. Avulsions comprised majority of the injuries (30%), followed by complicated crown fractures (25%), lateral luxations (18%), extrusions (15%), intrusions (9%) and horizontal root fractures (3%). When looking at trends, permanent tooth trauma shows a slight decrease over the 5-year period (Figure 1), however the subset of severe injuries appear to be stable (Figure 2). Seasonal variations were noted in time, etiology and location of injury over the 5-year period.
Conclusions: Preliminary overview of trends in severe permanent tooth trauma presenting to the ED shows no change over the 5-year period, implying that EDs are often relied upon to evaluate and treat complex dental injuries. Completion of the time series analysis will allow a closer assessment of the trends in the data set.
Funding provided by the Department of Dentistry, SickKids.